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CONNECTIONS BETWEEN MICRO/NANO SCALE HETEROGENEITY OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COALS AND THEIR PROPENSITY TO OUTBURSTS AND CRUSHING



The outbursts of coal and gas is one of the main coal mining hazards, therefore, for the coal mining industry, studying of mechanisms and predisposing factors for these events is of the utmost importance. It is demonstrated here that the micro/nano scale structure of coal samples is one of predisposing factors for the coal propensity to outburst. The same is related to the coal propensity to crushing and formation of fine powder (dust). The results of micro/nanoindentation experimental studies of heterogeneity of spatial distribution brittleness and mechanical properties of coals at micro/nano scales are presented for samples taken from both hazardous (outburstprone) and non-hazardous strata (packs) of the same coal seam. The experiments were performed on both ‘as received’ coal samples and ones after sorption treatment by dimethylformamide. The latter treatment allowed to partially discharge the internal stresses that exist in the coal samples. The mapping the indentation results enabled us to reveal the actual heterogeneity of distribution of mechanical properties at nanoscale. It has been confirmed that hardness of coals at microand nanoscale is not an informative parameter for characterization of their propensity to destruction. It was established that higher heterogeneity of stiffness could be a reason to formation of multiple cracks at coals after microhardness tests. The part of energy spent for the irreversible changes in the material structure within the total work of indentation is the parameter indicating clearly the propensity of coal samples to crushing and formation of fine powder (dust). Coal samples from the non-hazardous packs have a low ratio of inclusions prone to irreversible changes of the structure and those prone to keeping their structural integrity, while the ratio is about a unity for samples from the hazardous packs. Thus, there is a natural distinction of the mechanical properties between two coal samples having similar origin and rank but different in their proneness to instantaneous outbursts.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (grant # 18-7710052). 

For citation: Kossovich E. L., Epshtein S. A., Borodich F. M., Dobryakova N. N., Prosina V. A. Connections between micro/nano scale heterogeneity of mechanical properties of coals and their propensity to outbursts and crushing. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten'. 2019;5:156-172. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-05-0-156-172.

 

 



: 5
2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
УДК: 531+620.17
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-05-0-156-172
Authors: Kossovich E. L., Epshtein S. A., Borodich F. M., etc.

Authors' Information:
E.L. Kossovich (1), Ph.D., senior researcher, e-mail: e.kossovich@misis.ru,
S.A. Epshtein (1), D.Sci. (Engineering), Head of Laboratory, e-mail: apshtein@yandex.ru,
F.M. Borodich, D.Sci. (Physics and Mathematics), Professor,
School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK,
N.N. Dobryakova (1), Ph.D. (Engineering), Leading Engineer,
V.A. Prosina1, Engineer,
1) Scientific and Training Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of Coals,
National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.
Corresponding author: E.L. Kossovich, e-mail: e.kossovich@misis.ru.

Key words:
Сoal, mechanical properties, heterogeneity, fine dust, brittleness, sorption-induced strength degradation.

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