SECOND LIFE FOR AERIAL ROPEWAYS IN MINING IN RUSSIA AND IN CENTRAL ASIA
Aerial ropeways enjoyed wide application in the USSR and in other countries in the second half of the 20th century. In the USSR, the number of aerial ropeways reached 190 at the cargo transport volume of 116 Mt yearly and the ropeway length of 60 km. The comparison of the technical and economic performance of motor, railway, conveyor transport with aerial ropeways shows that the latter has some strategic advantages over the other types of solid mineral transportation. Furthermore, these advantages are of the primary concern for the remote areas in the North and Far East of Russia. The benefits of the aerial ropeways include independence fro relief and atmospheric conditions, feasibility of routing along the shortest distance between the loading and unloading points, etc. Regarding actual performance, the aerial ropeways are recommended for transportation of cargo in amount from 0.5 to 5 Mt/yr for a distance to a few kilometers. Subject to approximately equal initial capital investment with motor transport, aerial ropeways are advantageous in terms of operating cost by a factor of 4–5. Construction of a unique aerial ropeway undertaken by Russia in the extremely difficult mining ad technical conditions of the Kashkadarya Region in Uzbekistan is reflective of the large scientific and technological potential offered by experts and companies from Russia. R&D projects accomplished in Russian in the late years (automated control of hauling equipment, new materials, etc.) allow the aerial ropeways to be assumed as advanced and efficient type of transportation for granular (loose) materials compliable with the concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
For citation: Zemskov A. N., Overin A. A., Bekher A. V. Second life for aerial ropeways in mining in Russia and in Central Asia. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten'. 2019;3:175-183. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-03-0-175-183.
: Zemskov A. N., Overin A. A., Bekher A. V.
A.N. Zemskov, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
Member of the Higher Mining Council of Russia,
Director of the Separate Structural Division of the «Kanex» Group,
614045, Perm, Russia, e-mail: email@example.com,
A.A. Overin (1), Technical Director, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
A.V. Bekher (1), Head of the Directions of Rope Transport Systems,
1) SSD JSC «Kanex Technology», 614045, Perm, Russia.
Corresponding author: A.N. Zemskov, e-mail: email@example.com.Key words
Aerial ropeway, operational durability, application field, height difference, transportation savings, automation, exploitability.References
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